“Value for Money and Sustainability in WASH programmes” (VFM-WASH) is a two-year research project funded by DFID, which entails carrying out operational research in DFID’s WASH programmes in 6 countries.
The project has 2 main objectives:
The focus countries for the project are Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan and Zambia. In each of these countries, the project team conducted a VFM analysis of a DFID-funded WASH programme. Three of these were implemented by UNICEF, two by governments, and one by a selection of NGOs.
In four of the countries (Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mozambique and Pakistan), we conducted a survey of 1,200 households, to investigate how they experienced the operational sustainability of WASH services.